Does Reverse Racism Exist?

After various different challenges, let me set clear my position on racism. After a google search of the definition of racism, the definition below appears, to base a definition of something so complex on a dictionary definition is fickle. Using the dictionary in this way is also problematic with the inception of its very concept (more here in this great article https://everydayfeminism.com/2015/01/reverse-oppression-cant-exist/). Thus a phronesis and pragmatic approach around the subject matter has to be built
Racism 
noun
prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one’s own race is superior.
“a programme to combat racism”
the belief that all members of each race possess characteristics, abilities, or qualities specific to that race, especially so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or races.
“theories of racism”
Reverse Racism

Reverse racism does not exist. I cannot say this enough. All oppression is when people from a privileged collective exert their power over another. When I’m saying power, I’m talking systematic and systemic. That means that member of the global majority (or BAME) could hate white people all they want, the chances of them impacting on the systems and institutions that determine their life chances, the healthcare they receive, the judicial system, even abuse in the street, etc. is minimal.

What do members of the global majority face? What is Systemic Oppression?

UCAS has admitted it has more ‘work to do’ because black students are 22 times more likely to have their university applications investigated. 2675/260,550 black applicants investigated compared to 995/2,127,965 white applications. Just look at those numbers, let it digest, this is the body in charge of the gateway to the university and higher education.

A black person is ‘four times more likely to be sectioned under the Mental Health Act’. I acknowledge it’s not that simple (other factors are in play), however, when coupled with the deaths of members of the global majority in police custody (6 out of 11 from 4/17-12/17) this isn’t looking great.

With the chair of the IPPC (police watchdog) states ‘We need to look closely between the relationship between ethnicity and the use of force.’ Stop and search also disproportionately targets black people, to the tune of 9 times more likely to stopped and searched compared to white counterparts. Before you accuse me of making this up I have referenced some examples below.

“Young black people were more likely to be identified with ‘gang concerns’ and be considered a ‘risk to others’ on entry to custody than any other ethnic group between April 2014 and March 2016.”

Exploratory analysis of 10-17-year-olds in the youth secure estate by black and other minority ethnic groups in September 2017. Ministry of Justice.

This is absolutely the worst, in 2006 the Healthcare Commission published its first-ever national review, which noted ‘some disadvantaged groups are more likely than others to fail to receive services. As well as the elderly, there are also inequities in provision that particularly affect people with mental health problems from black and minority ethnic communities. So do not be poor, black, old and depressed in England right now, because you’re very unlikely to get treated.’

Before I go on, I will state race is a social construct, the differences in biological terms are meaningless, physical differences in skin colour have no natural associations with group differences in ability or behaviour. (Clair and Denis)

For sake of more clarity, for members of the global majority to be racist, this means that they would benefit from privilege and the societal structures of the system, looking at the articles and the lived-in experience of many, this simply is not and cannot be the case.

Cazaneve & Maddern 1999 and A Sivananden 1993 both express racism in terms of social power which stems from the competition of resources.

“Contemporary sociology considers racism as individual – and group-level processes and structures that are implicated in the reproduction of racial inequality in diffuse and often subtle ways” Clair and Denis

With the ‘processes and structures’ implying power and privilege and ‘reproduction of racial inequality’ implying discrimination, I conclude ‘Oppression = Privilege + Discrimination’ or Racism = Power + Discrimination.

Empirically, and this is an honest challenge, I am unaware of a single case of a race crime brought by the CPS to a member of the global majority against a white person. A high profile case against Mustata Bahar was dropped after an incendiary tweet was unearthed, yet no charges around race were considered (see link below).

Yes, this may make you feel uncomfortable. This is a natural reaction to the challenge around race.

Hope this has made you think.

 

References

 

https://everydayfeminism.com/2015/01/reverse-oppression-cant-exist/

 

https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/matthewclair/files/sociology_of_racism_clairandenis_2015.pdf

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/nov/03/bahar-mustafa-charges-dropped-killallwhitemen-row

 

Sivanandan, A. 1993, ‘Race against time: there isn’t just one form of racism in Britain, but two’,New Statesman & Society, vol.6, no.274, p16.

 

Cazenave, N. A. & Maddern, D. A. 1999, ‘Defending the White Race: White Male Faculty

Opposition to a White Racism Course’, Race and Society, vol. 2, pp. 25-50.

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/dec/02/revealed-the-stark-evidence-of-everyday-racial-bias-in-britain

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/education/education-news/black-students-university-uk-racism-ucas-application-a8376501.html

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-40495539

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/jan/07/ipcc-concerned-about-rise-in-ethnic-minority-deaths-following-police-restraint

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/stop-search-black-people-white-police-racism-new-study-a8583051.html

Black people in England and Wales are almost nine times more likely than whites to be stopped and searched for drugs, according to a report. 

http://www.civitas.org.uk/pdf/QuiteLikeHeaven.pdf

“So do not be poor, black, old and depressed in England right now, because you’re very unlikely to get treated.” p48

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/641481/Exploratory-analysis-of-10-17-year-olds-in-the-youth-secure-estate-by-bame-groups.pdf  p8

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